CAMBRIDGE, UK, 25 July 2012—ARM Holdings plc announces its unaudited financial results for the second quarter and half year ended 30 June 2012.
Q2 2012 – Financial Summary
Profit before tax (£m)
Earnings per share (pence)
Net cash generation**
Effective revenue fx rate ($/£)
H1 2012 – Financial Summary
Profit before tax (£m)
Earnings per share (pence)
Net cash generation**
Effective revenue fx rate ($/£)
Progress on key growth drivers in Q2
Warren East, Chief Executive Officer, said:
“ARM’s royalty revenues continued to outperform the overall semiconductor industry as our customers gained market share within existing markets and launched products which are taking ARM technology into new markets. This quarter we have seen multiple market leaders announce exciting new products including computers and servers from Dell and Microsoft, and embedded applications from Freescale and Toshiba. In addition, ARM and TSMC announced a partnership to optimise next generation ARM processors and physical IP and TSMC's FinFET process technology.
All of these new products are the result of technology engagements over many years, and ARM's long-term commitment to invest in the development of innovative technology.”Outlook
ARM enters the second half of 2012 with a record order backlog and a robust opportunity pipeline. Relevant data for the second quarter, being the shipment period for ARM’s Q3 royalties, points to a small sequential increase in industry revenues. Q4 royalties are harder to predict as macroeconomic uncertainty may impact consumer confidence, and some analysts have become less confident in the semiconductor industry outlook in the second half. However, building on our strong performance in the first half, we expect overall Group dollar revenues for full year 2012 to be in line with market expectations.
Q2 2012 – Revenue Analysis
1 Includes catch-up PIPD royalties of $1.5m (£1.0m) in Q2 2012 and $nil in Q2 2011.
H1 2012 – Revenue Analysis
1 Includes catch-up PIPD royalties of $3.6m (£2.3m) in H1 2012 and $0.6m (£0.4m) in H1 2011.
Normalised figures are based on IFRS, adjusted for acquisition-related charges, share-based payment costs, restructuring charges, profit or loss on disposal and impairment of available-for-sale investments and Linaro™-related charges. For reconciliation of IFRS measures to normalised non-IFRS measures detailed in this document, see notes 12.1 to 12.16.
Net cash generation is defined as movement on cash, cash equivalents, short-term and long-term deposits, adding back dividend payments, investment and acquisition consideration, restructuring payments, other acquisition-related payments, share-based payroll taxes and Linaro-related payments, and deducting inflows from share option exercises and investment disposal proceeds – see notes 12.8 to 12.12.
Dollar revenues are based on the group’s actual dollar invoicing, where applicable, and using the rate of exchange applicable on the date of the transaction for invoicing in currencies other than dollars. Over 95% of invoicing is in dollars.
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Total dollar revenues in Q2 2012 were $213.0 million, up 12% on Q2 2011. Q2 sterling revenues were £135.5 million, up 15% year-on-year.
Half-year dollar revenues in 2012 amounted to $422.4 million, up 12% on H1 2011.
Total dollar license revenues in Q2 2012 increased by 12% year-on-year to $78.6 million, representing 37% of Group revenues. License revenues comprised $67.0 million from PD and $11.6 million from PIPD.
Group order backlog at the end of Q2 2012 was up sequentially and is now at its highest ever level. Prospects for order backlog in the second half of 2012 look promising, given the strength of the licensing opportunity pipeline.
Royalties are recognised one quarter in arrears with royalties in Q2 2012 generated from semiconductor unit shipments in Q1 2012. Total dollar royalty revenues in Q2 2012 increased by 15% year-on-year to $110.0 million, representing 52% of Group revenues. This compares with industry revenues decreasing by about 7% in the shipment period (i.e. Q1 2012 compared to Q1 2011), demonstrating ARM’s continuing market share gains over the last 12 months.
Royalty revenues in Q2 2012 comprised $96.3 million from PD and $13.7 million from PIPD.
Development Systems and Service revenues
Sales of development systems in Q2 were down 4% year-on-year to $13.3 million, representing 6% of Group revenues. Through 2012 ARM is continuing to transition the Development Systems business to focus on microcontroller tools and premium toolkits for multi-core systems. Due to this transition, we expect that full year revenues for development systems will be broadly flat year-on-year. In addition, due to normal seasonality, Q3 revenue for development systems may be down sequentially.
Service revenues in Q2 2012 were up 6% to $11.1 million, representing 5% of Group revenues.
Gross margins in Q2 2012, excluding share-based payment costs of £0.4 million (see below), were 95.1% compared to 94.8% in Q2 2011.
Operating expenses and operating margin
Normalised income statements for Q2 2012 and Q2 2011 are included in notes 12.13 and 12.14 respectively below which reconcile IFRS to the normalised non-IFRS measures referred to in this earnings release.
Normalised operating expenses (excluding acquisition-related, share-based payments, Linaro-related charges and impairments to investments) were £66.0 million in Q2 2012 compared to £66.1 million in Q1 2012 and £59.3 million in Q2 2011. The year-on-year increase in operating expenses in the second quarter is primarily due to the increased investment in our research and development teams over the last 12 months.
Normalised operating expenses in Q2 2012 benefited from the impact of a stronger dollar on the accounting for derivative instruments which has resulted in a net credit of approximately £2 million being included in general and administrative expenses. Normalised operating expenses in Q3 2012 (assuming effective exchange rates similar to current levels) are expected to be in the range £68-70 million as ARM continues to increase investment in research and development programs.
Normalised operating margin was 46.4% in Q2 2012, compared to 44.5% in both Q1 2012 and Q2 2011.
Normalised research and development expenses were £32.8 million in Q2 2012, representing 24% of revenues, compared to £32.3 million in Q1 2012 and £28.9 million in Q2 2011. Normalised sales and marketing expenses were £15.0 million in Q2 2012, being 11% of revenues, compared to £15.3 million in Q1 2012 and £13.6 million in Q2 2011. Normalised general and administrative expenses were £18.2 million in Q2 2012, representing 13% of revenues, compared to £18.5 million in Q1 2012 and £16.8 million in Q2 2011.
Total IFRS operating expenses in Q2 2012 were £77.3 million (Q2 2011: £78.9 million) including share-based payment costs and related payroll taxes of £7.9 million (Q2 2011: £11.7 million), and amortisation of intangible assets and other acquisition-related charges and impairment of investments of £3.4 million (Q2 2011: £7.9 million).
Total share-based payment costs and related payroll tax charges of £8.3 million in Q2 2012 were included within cost of revenues (£0.4 million), research and development (£5.5 million), sales and marketing (£1.5 million) and general and administrative (£0.9 million).
Earnings and taxation
Profit before tax was £54.8 million in Q2 2012 compared to £33.8 million in Q2 2011. After adjusting for acquisition-related and share-based payment costs, and disposal and impairment of investments, normalised profit before tax was £66.5 million in Q2 2012 compared to £54.2 million in Q2 2011. The Group’s effective normalised tax rate was 25% (IFRS 28%) in Q2 2012 compared to 24% (IFRS 21%) in Q2 2011. The Group’s effective normalised tax rate for the full year 2012 is estimated to be approximately 25%.
In Q2 2012, fully diluted earnings per share were 2.83 pence (13.32 cents per ADS) compared to earnings per share of 1.93 pence (9.31 cents per ADS) in Q2 2011. Normalised fully diluted earnings per share in Q2 2012 were 3.58 pence per share (16.86 cents per ADS) compared to 2.98 pence (14.34 cents per ADS) in Q2 2011.Balance sheet
Property, plant and equipment has increased from £18.1 million at 31 December 2011 to £34.1 million at 30 June 2012 mainly as a result of the construction and fit-out of a new Data Centre Facility in Cambridge.
Intangible assets at 30 June 2012 were £551.6 million, comprising goodwill of £537.6 million and other intangible assets of £14.0 million, compared to £528.2 million and £12.6 million respectively at 31 March 2012.
Total accounts receivable were £106.7 million at 30 June 2012, compared to £92.8 million at 31 March 2012.
Days sales outstanding (DSOs) were 43 at 30 June 2012 compared to 38 at 31 March 2012.Cash flow and interim dividend
Normalised free cash flow in Q2 2012 was £46.9 million. Total cash (see note 12.6) was £495.9 million at 30 June 2012 compared to £469.2 million at 31 March 2012.
In respect of the year to 31 December 2012, the directors are declaring an interim dividend of 1.67 pence per share, an increase of 20% over the 2011 interim dividend of 1.39 pence per share. This interim dividend will be paid, out of the UK GAAP distributable reserves of ARM Holdings plc, on 4 October 2012 to shareholders on the register on 7 September 2012.Operating review
A total of 23 processor licenses were signed in Q2 2012.
Of the 23 licenses signed, six were for ARM’s advanced Cortex™-A series processors. This included a further licensee for ARM’s big.LITTLE technology whereby a company licenses both a “big” Cortex-A15 processor and a “LITTLE” Cortex-A7 processor. Twelve companies now have access to big.LITTLE technology, which delivers both higher performance and lower power in mobile and computing applications.
ARM also signed an ARMv8 architecture license for use in intelligent networking devices. Over the last few years ARM has seen increasing demand for the use of its technology in high-end networking applications such as base station equipment, routers and switches, and backhaul infrastructure. Power consumption is becoming an important requisite for networking equipment and semiconductor companies are increasingly turning to ARM technology to deliver improved performance per Watt. In addition to the architecture licensee mentioned, companies such as Freescale, HiSilicon, LSI, Texas Instruments and Xilinx have recently announced choosing ARM technology in their networking products.
Eleven of the licenses signed in Q2 were for Cortex-M class processors for use in a wide range of applications, from wireless connectivity chips and touchscreen controllers found in mobile and mobile computing devices to deeply embedded processors for automotive applications and general purpose microcontrollers. Two of the Cortex-M class licenses were for Cortex-M0+, ARM’s smallest and most power efficient processor to date.
ARM has continued to see semiconductor companies adopting ARM technology for the first time with five of the 23 licenses signed in Q2 2012 being with companies taking their first ARM license. These licenses were for use in a broad range of end applications, including portable media players, video surveillance systems and embedded microcontrollers.
Three of the licenses were for ARM’s Mali graphics processors for use in mobile and digital TV (DTV), including one for the Mali-T600 series, ARM’s most advanced family of graphics processors. The Mali-T600 series enable the combination of ARM and Mali processors into a unified computing sub-system, delivering the most efficient use of all the resources on the system-on-chip. The digital TV design win will further ARM’s position as the market leader for graphics processors in DTVs. The mobile licenses were both for smartphones and tablets and will strengthen ARM’s leading position in Android tablets.
Q2 2012 and Cumulative Processor Licensing Analysis
* Adjusted for licenses that are no longer expected to generate royalties
** Two of the Mali licenses signed were with ARM processor customers who were taking their first Mali processor
288 Cortex family processor licenses have been signed to date, making Cortex ARM’s most widely licensed family of processors.
Processor Design Wins and Ecosystem Development
Over the last few months multiple market leaders have announced exciting new products which are taking ARM technology into new markets. These included:
Further partner announcements can be found on the ARM website at www.arm.com/news.
Royalty revenues are recognised one quarter in arrears with royalties reported in Q2 2012 generated from semiconductor chip shipments in Q1 2012. Q2 revenue came from the sales of about 2 billion ARM technology-based chips, the highest ever shipped in a quarter.
ARM's average royalty revenue per chip in Q2 2012 was 4.8 cents, up from 4.5 cents one year ago. This increase is mainly due to:
ARM typically receives a higher average royalty percentage from chips that contain multiple ARM processors. In Q2 2012, ARM customers reported shipping nearly twice as many integrated Wi-Fi and Bluetooth chips compared with the same quarter last year. We also often receive a higher royalty per chip when the applications processor and baseband modem in a mobile phone are integrated together.
Shipments of chips based on Cortex-A family processors were up nearly 100% year-on-year, driven by high-end smartphones, mobile computers and digital TVs adopting smarter applications processors. Shipments of Cortex-A class processors now represent 8% of all units shipped, up from 4% a year ago. As well as commanding a higher royalty percentage, Cortex-A processor-based chips are normally associated with higher value chips. In addition, an increasing number of these chips also contained Mali graphics, which provides an additional royalty per chip.
The benefit arising from the combination of more integrated chips and more Cortex-A family and Mali based chips increased the average royalty revenue per chip in mobile and in consumer electronics by 12% and 6% respectively.
The growth of ARM processors in lower cost chips such as microcontrollers, smartcards and sensors can reduce the overall average and in Q2 2012 nearly half a billion ARM based microcontrollers and smartcards were sold. This was an increase of 20% compared to less than 10% growth for the overall microcontroller market
Q2 2012 Processor Unit Shipment Analysis
During the quarter ARM signed a multi-year collaboration with TSMC to develop optimised next generation 64-bit ARM processors and physical IP with TSMC's FinFET process technology. This royalty-bearing platform agreement will enable ARM's partners to implement their systems-on-chip using state-of-the-art FinFET silicon for mobile, computing and enterprise markets that require both high performance and energy efficiency.
ARM also signed a platform license with a leading foundry at 130nm for hybrid digital/mixed-signal applications. Cumulatively, 92 physical IP platform licenses have now been signed and it is this base of platform licenses that help drive ARM’s future royalty potential.
ARM continues to see strong demand for physical IP optimised for use with processors, especially the Cortex-A series processor. These processor optimisation packs (POPs) enable the licensee to more readily achieve a high-performance, low-power processor implementation through specially optimised physical IP technology. For every chip implemented using a POP, ARM receives a royalty both for the processor in the chip and for the physical IP. During the quarter ARM signed five licenses for POPs bringing the total number of POPs licensed to 32.
Q2 2012 and Cumulative PIPD Licensing Analysis
Royalty Bearing Foundry
Platforms at Each Node *
New Royalty Bearing
Foundry Platform Licenses
180 to 250
* Adjusted for licenses that are no longer expected to generate royalties
ARM’s physical IP is used by fabless semiconductor companies to implement their chip designs. During the quarter, ARM continued to see strong demand from these companies to use physical IP at advanced nodes, with a further four leading technology companies choosing to use ARM’s advanced physical IP at 28nm. As our partners transition from older process technology to more advanced nodes so this progression helps to drive ARM’s future royalty revenue.
Physical IP royalties are generated mainly from chips manufactured in foundries. Royalties are recognised one quarter in arrears with royalties in Q2 generated from semiconductor unit shipments in Q1.
Underlying PIPD royalties in Q2 2012 were $12.2 million, up 11% year on year. ARM continues to benefit from our customers’ high-volume production moving to more advanced nodes at 45nm and below at multiple leading foundries.
At 30 June 2012, ARM had 2,253 full-time employees, a net increase of 137 since the start of the year. At the end of June, the Group had 921 employees based in the UK, 573 in the US, 279 in Continental Europe, 317 in India and 163 in the Asia Pacific region.
Principal risks and uncertainties
The principal risks and opportunities faced by the Group are included within the “Risks and risk management” section of the 2011 Annual Report and Accounts filed with Companies House in the UK. Details of other risks and uncertainties faced by the Group are noted within the Annual Report on Form 20-F for the year ended 31 December 2011 which is on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and is available on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. There have been no changes to these risks that would materially impact the group in the foreseeable future. These include but are not limited to: ARM's quarterly results may fluctuate significantly and be unpredictable which could adversely affect the market price of ARM ordinary shares; general economic conditions may reduce ARM's revenues and harm its business; ARM may have to protect its intellectual property or defend ARM’s technology against claims that we have infringed others’ proprietary rights; an infringement claim against ARM’s technology may result in a significant damages award which would adversely impact ARM’s operating results; companies within the semiconductor industry may consolidate reducing the number of customers that ARM may sell its technology to; for ARM to enter new markets or develop new technology may require significant investment and may not result in profitable operations; and ARM competes in the intensely competitive semiconductor market.
The results shown for Q2 2012, Q1 2012, Q2 2011, H1 2012, and H1 2011 are unaudited. The results shown for FY 2011 are audited. The consolidated financial information contained in this announcement does not constitute statutory accounts within the meaning of Section 434 of the Companies Act 2006. Statutory accounts of the Company in respect of the financial year ended 31 December 2011 were approved by the Board of directors on 27 February 2012 and delivered to the Registrar of Companies. The report of the auditors on those accounts was unqualified and did not contain an emphasis of matter paragraph nor any statement under Section 498 of the Companies Act 2006.
The results for ARM for Q2 2012 and previous quarters as shown reflect the accounting policies as stated in Note 1 to the financial statements in the Annual Report and Accounts filed with Companies House in the UK for the fiscal year ended 31 December 2011 and in the Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended 31 December 2011.
This document contains forward-looking statements as defined in section 102 of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements are subject to risk factors associated with the semiconductor and intellectual property businesses. When used in this document, the words “anticipates”, “may”, “can”, “believes”, “expects”, “projects”, “intends”, “likely”, similar expressions and any other statements that are not historical facts, in each case as they relate to ARM, its management or its businesses and financial performance and condition are intended to identify those assertions as forward-looking statements. It is believed that the expectations reflected in these statements are reasonable, but they may be affected by a number of variables, many of which are beyond our control. These variables could cause actual results or trends to differ materially and include, but are not limited to: failure to realize the benefits of our recent acquisitions, unforeseen liabilities arising from our recent acquisitions, price fluctuations, actual demand, the availability of software and operating systems compatible with our intellectual property, the continued demand for products including ARM’s intellectual property, delays in the design process or delays in a customer’s project that uses ARM’s technology, the success of our semiconductor partners, loss of market and industry competition, exchange and currency fluctuations, any future strategic investments or acquisitions, rapid technological change, regulatory developments, ARM’s ability to negotiate, structure, monitor and enforce agreements for the determination and payment of royalties, actual or potential litigation, changes in tax laws, interest rates and access to capital markets, political, economic and financial market conditions in various countries and regions and capital expenditure requirements.
More information about potential factors that could affect ARM’s business and financial results is included in ARM’s Annual Report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended 31 December 2011 including (without limitation) under the captions, “Risk Factors”(on pages 4 to 11) which is on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and available at the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.
ARM designs the technology that lies at the heart of advanced digital products, from wireless, networking and consumer entertainment solutions to imaging, automotive, security and storage devices. ARM’s comprehensive product offering includes 32-bit RISC microprocessors, graphics processors, video engines, enabling software, cell libraries, embedded memories, high-speed connectivity products, peripherals and development tools. Combined with comprehensive design services, training, support and maintenance, and the company’s broad Partner community, they provide a total system solution that offers a fast, reliable path to market for leading electronics companies. More information on ARM is available at http://www.arm.com. ARM is a registered trademarks of ARM Limited. ARM7, ARM9, ARM11, Cortex and Mali are trademarks of ARM Limited. All other brands or product names are the property of their respective holders. “ARM” is used to represent ARM Holdings plc; its operating company ARM Limited; and the regional subsidiaries: ARM Inc.; ARM KK; ARM Korea Ltd.; ARM Taiwan Limited; ARM France SAS; ARM Consulting (Shanghai) Co. Ltd.; ARM Belgium Services BVBA; ARM Germany GmbH; ARM Embedded Technologies Pvt. Ltd.; ARM Norway AS; and ARM Sweden AB.
 Source: Semiconductor Industry Association, May 2012
 Source: Semiconductor Industry Association, May 2012